Right after polls sealed on sunday evening, along with his success not however verified, polands president andrzej duda welcomed his challenger rafal trzaskowski to your presidential palace in warsaw.

I would like... united states to shake-hands, in accordance with this handshake, end the promotion, mr duda stated.

The motion had been a recognition of just how polarising the fight for polands presidency had been. mr duda, backed by the ruling conservative-nationalist legislation and justice party, emerged as thin victor, beating the centre-right mr trzaskowski by 51.08 % to 48.92. but this close win was accomplished by exploiting deep governmental and societal faultlines, that are unlikely going away shortly.

Certainly, even as mr duda was trying to appear conciliatory, other political leaders from ruling camp had been fast to float tips that may provide the ammo for the following round of governmental infighting in poland, and place further pressure on the frayed relations between brussels and the eus sixth-biggest economic climate.

One flashpoint may very well be an additional overhaul of judiciary. since visiting energy 5 years ago, law and justice has pushed through modifications providing politicians sweeping powers over judges, prompting the eu to start a probe to the guideline of legislation in poland.

However despite the pressure from brussels, law and justice has pressed on, and zbigniew ziobro, the hardline justice minister, said on sunday that finishing the reform should now be one of many governments priorities.

Another controversial issue may be the media. law and justice has actually very long argued that actions must certanly be taken fully to decrease international ownership of polands private development outlets.

Governmental opponents say these types of plans would be a pretext for law and justice to shut down criticism after co-opting state media, and claim that it would be difficult to draw up these types of legislation without breaking eu legislation.

Within the last times of the campaign, this issue gone back to the fore, with mr duda claiming that german-owned media was trying to sway caused by the election against him.

It really should not be the case that part of the media truly becomes an element of the election group of 1 candidate, mr ziobro stated on sunday. we cant close our eyes and imagine we dont see this.

This may herald renewed tussles with brussels, and a weakening of polands place in the negotiations within the eus next long-lasting spending plan, relating to anna materska-sosnowska, a political scientist from university of warsaw. our company is proceeding towards a clash using the eu, she stated. i do believe that connecting the eu budget using the guideline of law is a threat for us,and it really is a realone.

Pekka haavisto, foreign minister of finland, which traditionally takes a tough range in eu rule of legislation debates, told the financial circumstances that he, quite the opposite, believed the closeness associated with polish competition might restrain the ruling celebration.

Extending their congratulations to mr duda and polish voters the high turnout, mr haavisto stated: when its so tight...the winner needs to remember the fact that the other part also made these types of good development... somehow the normal logic, needless to say, should be to make an effort to reunite the country and work as the president of every and everyone.

However, reuniting poland will likely to be an arduous task after a campaign that unveiled the profound divisions shaping polish politics.

Maps showing the outcomes of the polish second round elections

Mr trzaskowski won many his support in polands liberal big towns and cities, accumulating two-thirds regarding the vote in places with over 500,000 residents, in addition to winning among teenagers and business owners. he won 68 % of this vote inside money, warsaw, that he could be the mayor.

Meanwhile, mr duda performed best in the country as well as in cities of under 10,000 residents, and winning a lot of voters aged over 50, blue-collar workers and farmers.

Aleks szczerbiak, professor of politics in the university of sussex in the uk, stated that mr dudas power in provincial poland, which he has courted within the last five years, was the bedrock of their success.

Duda didnt really try to get in touch with the governmental centre or attempt to present himself since the president of poles, mr szczerbiak stated. the team he truly targeted ended up being small-town voters, and thats exactly what won him the election. the greatest upsurge in the vote between the first and second round was at those little towns and outlying areas.

A vital element of mr dudas attract small-town poland ended up being positioning himself as a guarantor of substantial welfare actions introduced by-law and justice, that have greatly improved the lives of poorer polish households, particularly in rural areas, plus the countrys less developed east.

But his promotion in addition sought to mobilise traditional voters by demonising the lgbt legal rights movement and accusing their opponent of not providing polish passions.

Election observers from osce noted cases of intolerant rhetoric of xenophobic, homophobic and antisemitic nature, especially by the incumbents promotion therefore the general public broadcaster.

The end result had been mirrored in polands newsprint headlines on monday morning: victory for the polish-polish war, trumpeted the centrist dziennik gazeta prawna on its front-page, while rzeczpospolita, another centrist each day, reported: separated poland.